|George Mallory and Andrew Irvine, June 24, 1924 photo taken prior to their disappearance,edition.cnn.com|
|George Everest (1790-1866). www.sciencemuseum.org.uk|
- George Mallory, 1924
Ever since the first assault on the tallest peak in the world Mt. Everest by Sir Edmund Hillary with his companion Tenzing Norgay in 1953, man's curiosity to challenge the toughest summit has been on the increase. With technological developments, better communication and access roads, though the expedition to the mountain has become easier, the inherent dangers and challenges existing on the routes to the summit can not be overcome by mere advanced mountaineering gears alone. Until late 1970s, only a handful of well trained climbers could reach the summit, the rest gave up the challenge midway for various reasons. By 2012, the number of people reaching the summit went up to 500 a year. In 2014 season when a party of climbers were ready for the further assault, a large chunk of ice fall triggered a dangerous avalanche that killed 16 prospective
summiters. It is believed April 16 incident was the worst one ever to occur on the tallest peak. Not withstanding such unpredictable, notorious avalanches, ice falls, gaping crevasses, etc, more and more people go to Nepal because the lure of the majestic mountain is quite inviting.
The following are the interesting facts associated with Mt. Everest:
01. World's tallest peak was named in 1856, after British India Surveyor General George Everest, head of the British team that first surveyed the Himalayas, much against his wish. Mount Everest, in the early stages was referred to as Peak XV.
|Edmund Hillary with Sherpa Tenzing Norgay-1953. first assault on Mt. Everest.www.telegraph.co.uk|
03. Over 4,000 climbers have tried to reach the summit in total. Only 600 made it.Over 250 climbers have lost their lives attempting to reach the summit.
|Human traffic to challenge Mt. Everest.tverse.com|
05. Roughly 35,000 people try to walk to the base camp from Lukla’s Tenzing-Hillary Airport.
06. The 60th anniversary of the first ascent by Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay was celebrated in the Spring of last year 2014.
| Apa Sherpa and Phurba Tashi,each reached the summit-an impressive 21 times. |
|India landmass ) before its collision with Asia 40 to 50 million years ago.en.wikipedia.org|
|Collision of two plates and rise of the Himalayas.www.physicalgeography.net|
|The Himalayan range.geography.howstuffworks.com|
11. Despite the cost involved in going on an expedition, people in thousands flock to the base camp and have to wait in a long queue for further assault on the mountain.
|cleaning of wastes at the Sagarmatha (Mt. Qomolangma) National Park in Nepal..www.theasian.asia|
|Mt. Everest-Mouna Kea comparision. www.bbc.co.uk|
14. In June, 1924 British explorers George Mallory and Andrew Irvine on their expedition disappeared near the summit, along the Northeast Ridge. It is likely that they might have actually been the first to reach the summit, but, unfortunately they never returned. Mallory's body was found 75 years later showing signs of a fatal fall. In 1922 in the expedition under George Mallory, seven Sherpas were killed when they were caught by the avalanche.
15. Other name of Mt. Everest: Tibetans and Sherpas call it "Chomolungma" which means "Mother Goddess of the Earth."The word Himalayas is a Sanskrit word meaning abode of snow. Many Himalayan peaks are sacred to both Hinduism and Buddhism. The American Himalayan Foundation (AHF) is a non-profit organization in the United States that helps Tibetans, Sherpas, and Nepalis living throughout the Himalayas and also in exile. The aim is to help them rebuild their culture and tradition. Founded by Richard C. Blum, the late Sir Edmund Hillary was a Director of the foundation for more than 20 years.
16. Stacy Allison of Portland, Oregon is the first American woman to reach the summit of Mount Everest, in 1988 (13 years after Junko Tabei of Japan (1975) and two years after Sharon Wood) In 1989 first two women, both Americans, reached the summit. On May 23, mountaineer Melissa Arnot, in 2010, summited Mount Everest for the sixth time, and became the first American woman to complete an ascent of the peak without supplemental oxygen.
|On May 23, 2010 American Melissa Arnot, reached Mount Everest -the sixth time: adventureblog.nationalgeographic.com|
17. Until 1856, when the Great Trigonometric Survey of India established its height, no one was aware that Everest was the highest mountain in the world. It took several decades to establish the exact altitude of Everest.
18. The lowest temperature on the peak is - 40°C (-40°F); with wind chill - 60°C (-76°F)! Coldest month: February — average -27°C (-17°F) over 7,500m, Warmest month: August — average -20°C (-4°F) over 7,500m, Snow line: From 5,300m (17,400 ft) there's snow and ice all year.
19. The death zone in mountaineering is above 8,000m (26,000 ft), where oxygen is insufficient to sustain human life (25% that of sea level). 844m of Everest is in the death zone.The summit of Everest reaches two-thirds of the way through the air of the earth’s atmosphere–at about the cruising altitude of jet airliners–
20. Most dangerous area on Everest: The Khumbu Ice Fall; before the climbing season can begin, they must rope a safe route through Everest’s most fearsome obstacle,
|A mountaineer traversing a ladder in the Khumbu Ice fall.en.wikipedia.org|
|Sherpas led by Jim Whittaker,May 01, 1963 first American to climb the summit.cnn.com|
22. Bottled oxygen: typically needed from 7,900m (26,000 ft), making the last 900m (3,000 ft). possible for most climbers (average 3,000 USD)
23. The worst year on Mt. Everest, in terms of deaths, was 1996 when 15 climbers died in the season, including nine in a single incident
24. Jordan Romero, 13 year old young American broke the record in May, 2010 previously held by 15 year old Ming Kipa of Nepal.
25. Among the British climbers, Kenton Cool has held the highest record. He has climbed to the summit of Everest 11 times.
|Malavath Poorna,the youngest Indian girl to climb Mt. Everest..cnn.com|
27. Alan Arnette, a mountaineer from Colorado whose blog is a trusted source of Everest information, has mentioned that from 1924 to August 2015, 283 people have died on the mountain – 170 foreigners and 113 Nepalis – leading to an overall deaths-to-summit ratio of about 4%.
(Modified November 01, 2016)