Wednesday, 11 October 2017

Sir. T. C. Hope who started it all - Gujarat College, Ahmedaba!!

Sir. T.C.Hope blueseum.org
During the colonial time the British gave high priority to  English, hoping it would speed up modernization and reduce the administrative charges. For the same job, they had to cough up higher pay for an English man. An English speaking Indian  with fair knowledge would mean considerable savings for the government.The colonial administrators were divided on this matter, one group thought education should be through  Indian languages (of which they favoured classical or court languages like Sanskrit or Persian)  or utilitarians (also called anglicists) like Thomas Babington Macaulay, who advocated that traditional India had nothing to teach regarding modern skills; the best education for them would happen in English. 

Macaulay introduced English education in India, especially through his famous minute of February 1835. He called for an educational system that would create a class of anglicised Indians who would serve as cultural intermediaries between the British and the Indians.

Macaulay finally  implemented the  ideas previously put forward by Lord William Bentinck, the governor general since 1829. Bentinck favoured the replacement of Persian by English as the official language, the use of English as the medium of instruction, and the training of English-speaking Indians as teachers.  However, Bentinck's ideas were rejected by the Court of Directors of the East India Company and he retired as governor general.


He was inspired by utilitarian ideas and called for "useful learning." However, Bentinck's ideas were rejected by the Court of Directors of the East India Company and he retired as governor general.[32][33]

Sir Theodore Cracraft Hope, KCSI CIE (9 December 1831 – 4 July 1915),  was a British civil servant of the Government of India. He was instrumental in starting a small institution in Ahmedabad city called Gujarat College, one of the oldest institutions in India and the second oldest in Gujarat.  Being a government officer, he was an inspiration to others with better work ethics, integrity and commitments. He appealed to the people of Gujarat to give donations  to construct a college to teach western-oriented subjects without compromising on Indian culture and languages. In response to his appeal, lots of people came forward and donated liberally for the construction of a college that was stated functioning in 1860. 

Being the only child of Dr. James Hope, F.R.S., a wealthy physician at St George's Hospital, T.C. hope lost his father at an  early age and was brought up under the care of his mother  Anne, an author.  He was  privately educated for the most part; part of it was spent  at Rugby School. Later he continued his education at  Haileybury, then the East India Company's college.  When he was  20 years old his yachting training gained him a  master's certificate . In addtion to it, he was a polyglot, speaking as many as  five European languages. Armed with good qualification  and extra language skill, he got a chance to  join the Bombay Civil Service in 1853. 
After gaining two years of experience, Hope became  Inspector in Gujarat, India for the newly formed Education Department. He evinced keen interest in the native language spoken there - Gujarati and in collaboration with  native scholars, he prepared a series of Gujarati text-books for education purpose. . Later, while serving   Sir George Clerk, the Governor, as private secretary, he  was given charge of the Ahmedabad district. As part of his hobby, he was interested in   his archaeological hobbie.   When he returned home on long leave in 1865-66, he published three large works of the architectural monuments of Ahmedabad, Bijapur, and Dharwar. Returning to India, he resumed his work and spent  eight years as Collector of Surat. Then he  returned to Bombay in 1871 to  preside over a committee appointed to deal with the poor state of municipal finance. For a time he held the post of the Commissioner there.

Through hard work and dedication, Hope was promoted to several powerful government jobs such as representing  his province in the Viceregal Legislature in India and serving  as secretary in the Revenue Department, In 1882, he held the position of  Public works Member of the Governor-General's Council. During his long period lasting  five and half years, the Indian railways developed well which saw the expansion of open mileage  from 8,000 to 14,000, and also expansion  of 20 per cent in the area of land brought under irrigation. He was honornrd with a C.I.E. in 1882, and a K.C.S.I. four years later. 

After his retirement, he left India in 1888. Sir Hope  in 1866 married Josephine Fulton, the only daughter of Mr. J. W. Fulton, of Braidujle House, Co. They had no children. He died on 4 July 1915 and is buried at Highgate Cemetery. He was an active layman of the Anglican Church.
 
Hope, to his credict, had published Gujarati Bhashanu Vyakaran (The grammar of Gujarati Language - 1858).It was believed to be an early attempt to write grammar in the Gujarati language. 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theodore_Hope